Dog breeding tips for beginners are essential for inexperienced people. Breeding dogs is not an easy task. If you only own a dog to keep you company and not for business purposes, you will need to use sterilization methods. When they reach reproductive times, you want to have a whole generation of puppies.
Moreover, this is your first dog’s breeding. You are very confused because you do not know what to do. This article is useful for you. Take a look and find out some safe dog breeding tips and dog breeding questions (FAQ about dog breeding ).
Which dog breeding method should you use?
There are many methods of dog breeding. Many dog breeders often use these methods. Each method has a different advantage and is used in different cases. However, all methods are geared toward creating the best and healthiest generation of puppies.
There are currently three most popular dog breeding methods. It includes Out-crossing, Line-breeding, and In-breeding. All of them are used in different dog breeds.
Line-Breeding is used for breeding dogs of the same breed who are closely related. And In-Breeding is used for breeding dogs that are related by blood. Depending on the dog owner’s needs and the purpose of breeding, the dog breeder will choose the most appropriate method.
Out-crossing dog breeding method
First of all, is Out-crossing. This is a mix of dogs of the same breed but with different bloodlines. This method is considered to be the way to find out the best traits in the breeding process.
It is also the most common breeding method used by many dog owners. For dogs of the same pedigree, you can use this crossbreeding method among non-related dogs within four generations.
This method can bring many new features. Inbreeding, male and female dogs play an equal role in determining the characteristics of puppies. Besides, the puppies’ genome will inherit one gene from the father and one from the mother. Therefore, puppies are created with more diverse genes and higher immunity.
The puppies that were bred still maintained their purity. However, what is the downside? The level of genetic variation is considerable due to the non-kinetic gene source. Therefore, genetic uniformity will not be high.
Line-breeding method of dog breeding
This is a method of breeding dogs of the same breed and is closely related. These dogs have outstanding physical features and temperament. They are less likely to pass the disease on to future generations, but some errors will still be avoided. When breeding dogs by the Line-breeding method, careful consideration must be given. All cases are likely to occur.
This method helps to select good genes from dogs that are related to each other. It also contributes to the creation of pure genes without losing diversity. This helps the puppies create healthier and more resistant to diseases. The downside of this method is that it only helps slow down, not prevent the decline of genetic diversity.
In-breeding dog breeding method
This is a crossbreeding of dogs of a close relative. This method requires implementation by experienced dog breeders.
In-breeding helps create dogs that are most closely related to the breed’s characteristics. Scientists pair dogs of the same blood and share some desirable traits. After about a generation or two, the traits become “dominant.”
With this method, people created dogs with a high level of register. Because they are pure genes, dog breeders can judge the characteristics of puppies born. However, this method also has many disadvantages.
First, if you repeat this way too many times, your genetic diversity will be reduced. Besides, the puppy’s immune system is less convincing. Not to mention the dogs with the “diving” gene will be very weak and die—the number of puppies in the nest with less survivability than other methods.
A few things to keep in mind before mating the dog
In the wild, animals live in groups with populations of a certain number of individuals. Out-crossing with other animals is very low. Breeding is done mainly by male herds.
The dominant male can mate with all the other females in the herd. Puppies that are born with a weak physical condition may die. Only healthy puppies can survive and continue to breed. It is a very rigorous selection of nature.
Therefore, In-breed is not something terrible to be condemned for. It is the solution to save a dog from extinction. It is also a dog breeding experience to breed new breeds.
Tips for breeding dogs properly
Breeding dogs is often perceived as very simple: combining a male dog and a female dog. And two months later, we will have a pack of puppies. Sounds like a simple thing, right?
If you just want to breed your dog without caring about aspects like fitness and personality, you can do it the way you want. If you want a beautiful life for your baby after birth, it’s not that simple.
Know the breed standards
You are looking for a dog to breed, but you do not know what you want in that dog, what characteristics they want, and what is specialized in the dog you own. Can you succeed when you don’t know what a good dog is and still want to “breed?
The most important first thing before you start being a breeder is having experience in dog breeding and understanding the breed standards you are pursuing. Because this is what you will be aiming at in the process of creating your dream dog.
If you don’t know what a good dog is, how can you create it using a breeding program? So how to know what a beautiful dog is? Read a lot, and do not listen to the words of demons.
During reading the standard version, pay attention to the parts that describe the basic structure because the standard will address specific issues for each dog.
Try to find and read books about the breed you are pursuing. And books on specific knowledge like necessary breeding. Try to observe beautiful dogs in real life, or at least through photos.
Some breeds have different lines, and you need to choose which ones you want to follow, such as dogs with European styles and American styles are also slightly different. Once you have selected the type you want to breed, keep it in mind, and you can start.
Do not forget to take good care
After deciding to breed, don’t forget to take good care of your dog. Feeding, grooming, and bathing are what you can do. Above all, you should follow some tips for dog breeding. You should also consider health issues, parasites, reproduction, pregnancy, and puppy care.
Healthy breed dogs will breed healthy puppies. According to our dog breeding experience, don’t forget to choose a good and reliable veterinarian for your camp.
Take care of bitches during pregnancy
Finally, it is essential to take care of bitches during pregnancy. Before she can be bred, she needs to be taken to a veterinary clinic. You need to have a complete examination and blood test to make sure it is not contagious. You need to know about the diet of dogs about six months before breeding to avoid being overweight and causing complications.
In the process, you should rely on some dog breeder tips to not affect the health of the bitch.
Take care of the bitch after breeding
Next, it is necessary to vaccinate dogs as well as promptly treat parasites. Nutrition for bitches during pregnancy is also critical, requiring owners to care. Some dogs show signs of weight loss despite being fed more. This is the time to add canned foods like Alpo or Pedigree. These products are recommended in the successful dog breeding tips of professional breeders.
You should also get your dog checked by a veterinarian about once a month. During sexual intercourse and pregnancy, the dog doesn’t need to exercise intensely.
During the time of pregnancy, you should separate it from the other dogs. This helps protect the mother dog from being exposed to the Herpes virus in dogs.
Take care of bitches when giving birth
When the bitch lays, make sure you are well prepared. In terms of birthplace, it is impermeable, easy to clean, and quiet. You should prepare a bed and let the dog get used to it.
When giving birth, help the bitch feel comfortable and stroke her tummy to make the process easier. You can spend a lot of time on this.
Leave space for it, but make sure to check it often. When the bitch is finished giving birth, all previous strange signs will gradually disappear. However, there are a few exceptions.
But these things will disappear quickly, so there’s no need to worry too much. In general, dog owners need to learn and prepare for these processes first actively. During pregnancy, you should follow the instructions of the vet.
No dog breed is perfect
You have read and understood the dog breeding standards and experience, and have prepared a lot for puppies.
But be careful, breeders tend to consider their dogs number one and are most perfect. Be alert and don’t fall into this “trap” to find problems that need improvement. Specialists call this kennel blindness syndrome.
Each dog has its good points and faults according to its breed standards. And it’s your job to find them and write them down on paper to remind yourself what you need to keep and remove anything from your breeding program.
What should you pay attention to during the breeding season?
So when does oestrus occur? What is the dog breeding cycle? Dogs are usually in heat about twice a year—the interval between each average of 6 months. The duration of oestrus also depends more or less on the breed.
Although most dog breeds are in heat about twice a year, in some exceptional cases, depending on the breed, the hormone more or less, the female dog can often be more estrous. Some bitches have a regular estrus period every six months. While a few others have a higher frequency.
If 4 to 8 months a new estrous cycle occurs, it is not a concern. The dog has a reasonably long period of heat, about three to four weeks. So when a dog needs to be mated, the owner needs to pay attention to the amount of time he can mate. Depending on the individual, there is a need for regular monitoring of the dog’s breeding season.
How many times can dogs breed?
There is no one most appropriate answer to the question of how many times the dog will mate. The advice given is about 2 to 3 times. Along with it the time to inseminate should be in the second or third period. There are also a few rare cases of pregnant dogs getting their first period. However, it should be limited because the dog is young and vulnerable to injury or death after childbirth.
It also depends on the dog’s breeding age and the dog’s health. In the case of dogs in poor health or with a disease that needs to avoid breeding, some dog owners do not have a good grasp of the knowledge or place excessive breeding demands. This directly affects the health of dogs. Breeding when infected, dogs increase the likelihood of infection. Or it could be life-threatening for the bitch.
If you decide to breed your dog, you should complete health tests and be well prepared before the breeding period to make sure your bitch is in the best stage.
The health of a bitch is linked to the health of the puppy after birth and reduces the risks during pregnancy.
In this article, we have outlined some dog breeding tips for your reference. We hope you find it useful after reading it. Please leave a few comments so we can do it better.